Сельское хозяйство. Лесное хозяйство. Растениеводство [J-Z]

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Категория: - Ветеринария. Животноводство. Сельское хозяйство - Сельское хозяйство. Лесное хозяйство. Растениеводство

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Сортировка: Наименование, Цена, Автор, Год, Производитель

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Jacalin Isolation Characterization From the Seeds of ArtocarpusspsJacalin Isolation Characterization From the Seeds of Artocarpussps

Автор: Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy M.,Pallela Sasikala and M. Chandra Sekhara Reddy

Lectins are sugar-binding proteins that are highly specific for their sugar moieties. They play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins. For example, some viruses use lectins to attach themselves to the cells of the host organism during infection. Lectins may be disabled by specific mono- and oligosaccharides which bind to them and prevent their attachment to cell membranes. Lectins were first discovered more than 100 years ago in plants, but they are now known to be present throughout nature. Lectins are also prevalent in the microbial world, wherein they tend to be called by other names, such as hemagglutinins and adhesions

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 56
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659338151

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Jackfruit DiversityJackfruit Diversity

Автор: SL JAGADEESH and BS REDDY

Jackfruit considered as the world''s largest fruit does not enjoy its due respect at present. The fruit is not popular among the masses as it is not easy to eat out of hand owing to difficulty in separating fruit bulbs from rind, and also due to morphological and/or biochemical hindrances associated with the fruit. Processing and product diversification in jackfruit is thought to help in popularizing the fruit. A wide diversity among jackfruits is seen in the Western Ghats of India, which is considered as the center of its origin. Western Ghats, the treasure house of diversity for jackfruit, provides ample opportunities for survey, collection and evaluation of fruit quality for dessert and processed products and to identify the types suitable for different purposes to augment its use as food. The exploration should help throw some light on jackfruit diversity, its physico-chemical aspects for using the fruit for dessert and processing purposes. The study should be especially useful to...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 156
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783844317275

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Japanese Quail BreederJapanese Quail Breeder

Автор: R. Arumugam

Quail are highly prolific with shorter generation interval, require less space, feed and capital to start with, have greater resistance to diseases and they can be reared under wide range of climate and farm conditions compared to other species of poultry. The significant role of housing system (cage vs deep litter) is well documented in chicken, whereas similar information is meager in the emerging area of Japanese quail production. Insufficient research work in Japanese quail breeding and incubation, had compelled quail breeders and hatcheries to adopt the management and techniques standardized for chicken, resulting in lesser fertility and hatchability than in chicken. The study of production and reproduction pattern of Japanese quail in relation to the ambient environment would throw light on acclimatization of Japanese quail to our agro-climatic conditions and management. This book, a part of PhD thesis submitted to the Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University,...

Цена: 6771 руб.
Страницы: 224
Год: 2015
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659671722

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Japanese Quails and Agro industrial by productsJapanese Quails and Agro industrial by products

Автор: John Makinde

This book gives brief discussion on the importance of agro industrial by-products in the diet of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). It enlightens the poultry farmers on the use of Brewers dried grains and Palm kernel meal as substitute for dietary maize. The effects of these agro industrial by-products on the growth performance, carcass yield and egg production of Japanese quails were reported in this book. The research reported was conducted at the Poultry Research Unit of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria under the Supervision of Prof (Mrs) A.A. Sekoni of the Poultry Research Unit, National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI), Shika, Zaria and Prof. T.S.B. Tegbe of Animal Science Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 108
Год: 2014
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659641473

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Jatropha curcas L. as Biodiesel CropJatropha curcas L. as Biodiesel Crop

Автор: Pratap Naikwade

Biodiesel has attracted considerable attention during the past decade as a renewable, biodegradable and non-toxic fuel alternative to fossil fuels. It have assumed significant importance globally as the world addresses changing patterns in energy supply and demand. Jatropha curcas Linn. is multipurpose, highly promoted crop which contains high amount of oil in its seeds which can be converted to biodiesel. It has the great potential, if well exploited; Jatropha production can provide opportunities for good returns and rural development. The book therefore provides most recent data and analysis on the cultivation, yield, productivity, biochemistry, processing, uses, projects and its impact on people. Different uses of Jatropha plant are also mentioned as medicine, soap making, pesticide etc. It will also contribute to strengthen policies and strategies about Jatropha. This book is useful for researchers, farmers, teachers, students, professionals in agriculture, government and...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 112
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659286414

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Job Performance of Extension FunctionaryJob Performance of Extension Functionary

Автор: G.M. Patel,J. K. Patel and Sunil R. Patel

This book is of great significance and impotence in creating database understanding of the factors associated with the performance of extension fuctionary and the direct and indirect effects of different variables as well as the variation explined by the such variables on the job performance to planners, policy makers and master trainers for the course of action to be taken in future to know better ways and means for promoting job performance for effective fuctioning of extension fuctionary for the benefit of the farners.

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 160
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659116278

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Joint Forest Management InstitutionsJoint Forest Management Institutions

Автор: Simon Deus Lugandu

Over the past two decades, many countries embarked on institutional reforms for more sustainable and decentralized management of natural resources. Joint Forest Management (JFM) is among the institutional arrangements that were crafted and is being implemented. Although some studies have been done to assess the prospects of JFM in improving management of forest resources there are limited qualitative and quantitative studies that justify JFM as an appropriate management option for improving the livelihoods of the forest adjacent communities and the condition of forest resource. Despite strong political support which many governments are giving, little evidence exists on the degree to which JFM goals to provide greater economic benefits to rural communities and arrest unsustainable natural resource use are met. The study was conducted in Tanzania to generate information on the effectiveness of JFM institution in addressing the problems of forest degradation and livelihoods needs of...

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 252
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783845472997

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Jojoba- Sex linked marker identification using ISSR and RAPDJojoba- Sex linked marker identification using ISSR and RAPD

Автор: Meenakshi Bhardwaj

Female plants of several dioecious angiosperms are commercially valued for production of fruits (papaya, kiwi, dates etc.) or seeds (nutmeg, pistachio, black pepper, jojoba etc.). To make cultivation profitable it is necessary to grow more female than male plants for such crops. However, as the sex of most of the dioecious plants is not revealed morphologically, male and female plants cannot be distinguished at the seedling stage. The use of molecular marker technology provides a quick and reliable identification of sex types in plantlets growing in seedbeds. Identification of sex in jojoba is of utmost importance from the commercial point of view, since the sexuality cannot be distinguished prior to floral initiation. As only about 8-10% of male plants are required for pollination, there is need to weed out excess males. Of the several PCR-based techniques, RAPD and ISSR are technically simple, quick to perform, requires small amount of DNA and involves no radioactivity. The...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 152
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659129582

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Jute Seed ProductionJute Seed Production

Автор: Himangshu Das and Parthendu Poddar

Non availability of quality jute seed to the farmers at a lower price and at proper time is one of the major constraints faced by jute community. Study on the related available literatures revealed that the different component of improved method of quality jute seed production has not yet been systematically assessed. So, an attempt has been made to optimize suitable date of sowing, spacing and topping schedule for jute seed production

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 108
Год: 2014
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659507953

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Kala ZeeraKala Zeera

Автор: Parvaze Sofi and Shafiq Wani

Health has been one of the important areas of human research focus. Nature has bestowed the planet earth with immense wealth of plants that contain certain constituents which can promote human health. Kala Zeera (Bunium persicum) is one of the members of Apiaceae family that contains various essential oils and is endemic to Himalayan areas. it is largely found in wild and has been very shy to domestication. consequently very little information is available on this valuable crop and whatever is available is scattered as isolated reports. the present work is an effort to document all the available information on this crop based on the research carried out at SKUAST-K India and elsewhere to act as a basic information guide about various aspects of this crop. There has been a renewed interest in medicinal plants to capture their value in local and indigenous systems of medicine as well as commercial utilisation for derivation of essential oils. The work will indeed be of help for the...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 148
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659167836

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Keeping it WarmKeeping it Warm

Автор: Madeline Hansen

Heating systems are the largest factor in determining the environmental as well as economic impact of running a winter greenhouse. As heating winter greenhouses proves very costly, environmental sustainability is often marginalized in the pursuit of minimizing heating system expenditures. This paper examines a range of heating systems (natural gas, propane, waste-heat water, biodigester, biomasss, geothermal, and solar power) to determine which is the most economical and environmentally responsible. A literature review was conducted examining the proposed heating systems, comparing the average Btu consumption values both for large and small greenhouses maintained at 50°F, during a typical winter season from October to March. The results of this review indicate that ground source heat pumps provide the most effective solution to heating a winter greenhouse in Minnesota, taking into account both the environmental and economic costs.

Цена: 3572 руб.
Страницы: 52
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659458385

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Kinetics of Fluidized bed Drying of PotatoKinetics of Fluidized bed Drying of Potato

Автор: Sushant Bakal and Dr. G. P. Sharma

Hot air drying is commonly used practice for the drying of potato. Information is scanty on its drying kinetics with respect to shape and size. Placing the above view forth, this research work on effect of shapes on drying kinetics of fluidized bed drying of potato was undertaken.The potatoes were peeled and cut in to aspect ratio1:1,1:2 & 1:3 for cuboidal shape & for cylindrical shape, cut to D:L ratio 1:1, 1:2 & 1:3.The effect shape and air drying temperature was studied.It was inferred from the study that drying time was reduced as temperature increased for both the aspect ratio and D:L ratio.Effective moisture diffusivity increased as the aspect ratio and D:L ratio increased.As temperature increased, effective moisture diffusivity also increased. Drying constant value in Exponential and Page model were calculated using Marquardt method of non-linear regression procedure in SY-STAT(12.0)which showed that the drying constant “k” decreased as aspect...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 84
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783844310757

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Knol Khol Seed Production: A Study in North Western Plains of IndiaKnol Khol Seed Production: A Study in North Western Plains of India

Автор: Kaki Ranjit and SANJEEV KUMAR

The present investigation was carried out at SKUAST of Jammu, India, with the objective of getting information on suitable method of seed production and dates of transplanting under subtropical conditions of Jammu, during 2009–10. Two methods of seed production (insitu and exsitu) and three dates of transplanting (1st October, 15th October and 30th October) making 6 treatment combinations were replicated 4 times in RBD (factorial). The studies revealed that insitu method of seed production significantly influenced most of the traits. 1st October transplanting proved significantly superior to all the characters except for days to 50% bolting and days to 50% flowering. The interaction effect of method of seed production and dates of transplanting showed that treatment combination M1D1 (insitu method of seed production x 1st October transplanting date) significantly influenced plant height, days to seed maturity, number of seeds per siliqua, seed yield per plant. It can be concluded that...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 92
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846520758

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Know Your Fruit TreesKnow Your Fruit Trees

Автор: Tuarira Mtaita

This book presents the principles of producing some tropical and subtropical fruits making it an ideal text for horticulture courses at university, college and agriculture schools. Farmers and Extension works will also find this text indispensable in their daily endeavors. It presents the basic principles of production together with most of the necessary practical techniques in a clear style. The first parts dwells on how to produce planting materials, managing fruit trees under marginal conditions, importance of indigenous fruits, and orchard designing and layout. A review on fruit crop regulation has been given to enable the reader to understand the main factors that determine yield in fruit crops and how to manipulate these to advantage. In the second part, great attention has been directed to the principles of fruit production together with practical techniques relating to operations from establishment to harvesting of different fruit crops

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 268
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783845477374

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Knowledge and Adoption of Recommended technologyKnowledge and Adoption of Recommended technology

Автор: Narpat Singh and Manju Lata

This book is based on the Knowledge and Adoption of Recommended technology of Mustard cultivation in Rajasthan. Indian agriculture has done reasonably well science independence. This Significant achievement in food grain production in due to adoption of high yielding varieties and other critical inputs is agriculture. The important rape-seed mustard growing countries in the world are India, Canada, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Poland etc. India is the largest rape-seed mustard growing country in the world China ranks first is productivity followed by India. The major rape-seed mustard growing states are Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh representing 81 per cent of the national hectage. These states are contributing 82.9 per cent of total rape-seed mustard production. Rajasthan is the largest rape-seed mustard growing state and alone contributes 31.12 per cent production from the hectarage of 33.5 per cent. Oilseed crops occupy an important position is the...

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 116
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659458897

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Knowledge and adoption of horticultural technologies by tribal womenKnowledge and adoption of horticultural technologies by tribal women

Автор: Rashmi Dave

Women in tribal area are less responsive to improved technologies since as they are not exposed to these techniques.An effort was made to see the impact of horticultural crop production technologies provided under National Agricultural Innovation Project on tribal women. The study was conducted in tribal dominated area of Rajasthan,India. In agricultural works women contributes more than a man and study also shows that there was significant difference in the knowledge and adoption by the tribal women and also it shows the impact of project also.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 100
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659305603

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Knowledge and Adoption of Coriander Production TechnologyKnowledge and Adoption of Coriander Production Technology

Автор: S. R. Kumbhani,D.M. Thakrar and V.M. Thumar

The gap between know how already attained and their application in field is still large despite of considerable advancement in coriander production technology. Majority of the coriander growers did not know and had not yet adopted recommended coriander production technology, due to lack of technical knowledge and several constraints experienced by them in adoption of recommended coriander production technology. Keeping the above fact in view, thes study was undertaken with following specific objectives of (1) To study the personal and socio-economic profile of respondents, (2) To measure the knowledge level of respondents about coriander production technology,(3) To know the extent of adoption of coriander production technology,(4) To ascertain the association of knowledge about coriander production technology with their selected characteristics, (5) To ascertain the association of adoption about coriander production technology with their selected characteristics,(6)To identify...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 148
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659264764

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Knowledge and Constraints of Farmers Towards GreenhouseKnowledge and Constraints of Farmers Towards Greenhouse

Автор: Bhavesh P. Dhola and V. M. Thumar

Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economic activity and our experience during the last 50 years has demonstrated the strong correlation between agricultural growth and economic prosperity. Looking to the need a new and effective technology which can improve continuously the productivity, profitability, sustainability of our major farming systems, i.e. green house technology, the present study was to find out the selected characteristics of the respondents, assess the knowledge of farmers towards greenhouse technology, to measure the extent of adoption of greenhouse technology, estimate the cost of cultivation of vegetable and flower crops in greenhouse technology and to identify the constraints faced by the farmers in the adoption of greenhouse technology in the Saurashtra region of the Gujarat state. Agriculture in Saurashtra mainly depends on rain so the production found inconsistent. Vegetables, fruits and flowers growing are comparatively in less area and farmers do not get...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 68
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659197178

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Knowledge Of Farmers About Transgenic CottonKnowledge Of Farmer's About Transgenic Cotton

Автор: Dilipkumar A. Chavda,V.N. Chavda and P.J. Rathod

This study was identified to “knowledge of Bt. cotton growers about distinctive features of transgenic cotton.”The specific objectives were to study selected personal, socioeconomic, and psychological and Communication, characteristics of the Bt. cotton growers. As well as to know the Bt. cotton growers’ knowledge about distinctive features of Bt. cotton. It is relationship between some selected characteristics of Bt. cotton growers and their knowledge about distinctive features of Bt. cotton., the study also identify the constraints faced by Bt. cotton growers and seek suggestions from Bt. cotton growers to overcome the constraints. It was hoped that this study will be much useful to different categories of personnel concerned with development of agriculture. This book may prove usefulness to know socioeconomic characteristics of the Bt. cotton cultivators and usefulness in agriculture growth of Gujarat and India.

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 96
Год: 2015
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659671517

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Knowledge of Plant Protection Measures in PomegranateKnowledge of Plant Protection Measures in Pomegranate

Автор: Bhagwan Deshmukh,Subash Shinde and Swati Deshmukh

The study revealed that the majority of the pomegranate growers had 36 to 50 years age (32.89 %), received up to degree and higher education (36.00 %), had higher socio-economic status (51.55 %), cosmopoliteness and small land holding (38.67 %), cultivating the pomegranate crop on 2.01 to 5.00 hectares of their land holding, had annual income between Rs. 4, 00,001/- to 7, 00,000/- (41.33 %), were having higher scientific orientation (60.44 %), economic motivation (58.22) and innovativeness (40.44 %), higher use of extension personnel, group contact, mass contact and were using medium local personnel source for getting information on plant protection measures. It was observed that the majority of the respondents had knowledge about soil selection, water management, planting material, bahar management, control of diseases like bacterial blight, leaf and fruit spots, wilt complex. The control measures for pests like shot hole borer, aphids, thrips, fruit sucking moth, pomegranate...

Цена: 6287 руб.
Страницы: 196
Год: 2014
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659123948

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Korean Fisheries Policies and Resources ManagementKorean Fisheries Policies and Resources Management

Автор: Sang-Go Lee

Fishing industry in Korea faces numerous challenges over the next decade as the fisheries sector evolves to play a new role in the country’s fast developing economy. Traditionally a major employer of labor and a core sector in the economy, the fishing industry is under pressure to reduce its marine capture capacity to ensure sustainable production. This book is an introduction, not a depth research monograph, and as such it is set at reviews and descriptions for understanding Korean major policies of fisheries and fisheries resources management. The structure of the book is for the most part deliberately linear, to achieve progression of understanding Korean major fisheries policies and resources management. The major fisheries policies include the Korean co-management TAC system, fisheries self-governance and fisheries subsidies Impacts on fishery resource, Korean fish stock rebuilding plan(FSRP), the decommissioning schemes and a bioeconomic analysis of decommissioning schemes...

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 272
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783847313496

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Kraft Pulping of Cocos Nucifera Coir and TrunkKraft Pulping of Cocos Nucifera Coir and Trunk

Автор: Sugiyanto Sugiyanto

The aim of this work was to evaluate the suitability of coconut plant as a main raw material for pulp and papermaking. In these experiments coconut coir and coconut trunk were pulped by kraft pulping. This experiment aimed to find suitable cooking conditions by changing chemical charge and liquid to chips ratio. To assess the papermaking potential of coconut pulps, the study was conducted to examine fiber characteristics, pulpability, bleachability, and physical properties of coconut pulps. Coconut coir fiber has similar characteristic to hardwood (short fiber) and coconut trunk fiber has similar characteristic to softwood (long fiber). Lignin content of coconut coir is around 40%. Yield achieved in coconut trunk and coconut coir (with and without coir dust) pulpings were around 30% (for coconut coir without dust removal) and 40% (for coconut coir after dust removal and coconut trunk). The pulps were bleached using Elemental Chlorine Free sequence and brightness achieved was around...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 88
Год: 2010
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783838386164

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KVKs for empowering farm womenKVKs for empowering farm women

Автор: Shobhana Gupta

Despite the concerted research efforts and innovation explosion in agriculture, the productivity of the agricultural crop in India is still far behind as compared to that of developed countries. To achieve a high level of production, it is necessary to transfer the latest technology from the research system to farm families. For the past three decades many programmes have been implemented in the country for the transfer of new technology to farming community. Krishi Vigyan Kendra is the latest effort in this direction which primarily focuses on vocational training in agriculture and allied subjects. This book has been specially written to serve as a guide for students and teachers of Extension Education in Agriculture, Home Science and other related disciplines in agricultural universities and colleges of developing countries. It shall also serve as important tool in various extension programmes of Government departments, NGOs and all those connected with the development and transfer...

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 244
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659118845

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Laboratory Analysis Techniques for Food & Feed IngredientsLaboratory Analysis Techniques for Food & Feed Ingredients

Автор: Abdullah Ahmad,Babar Rasheed and Abdur Raheem Usama

All procedures have been taken from official methods of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists (AOAC) suite 400 2200 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, Virginia 22201 USA.These procedures have been practicing in nutrition and quality control laboratories of Pakistani food and feed industries.This book is gift for students of nutrition,food and feed millers,Laboratory technicians,honourable teachers,students who want to work in laboratories or in food or feed mills.May they got what I have tried to deliver.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 76
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783847307242

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Laboratory Techniques for Animal Nutrition WorkersLaboratory Techniques for Animal Nutrition Workers

Автор: Amit Ranjan,Biswanath Sahoo and Divya Kumari

Animal Nutrition deals with the nature of nutrient and establishes their role in metabolism, the assessment of which necessitates analysis of variety of biological materials such as feed, faeces, urine etc. The analytical technique involved in animal nutrition, therefore, needs to be well documented to meet the requirements of students/nutrition workers. This text represents an attempt to summarize and consolidate a considerable amount of information relative to laboratory procedures and experimental techniques that are used commonly in animal nutrition studies. In this book efforts have been made to cover a wide range of topics like general precautions into animal nutrition laboratories, requirement of various materials in animal nutrition laboratories, sampling of feed and biological samples, preparation of solutions, main feature of proximate analysis, estimation of dry matter, ash and acid insoluble ash and silent feature of feeds and fodders.

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 136
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659117152

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Lac-marketing in Purulia DistrictLac-marketing in Purulia District

Автор: Arabinda Mitra and Bishnu Charan Mahato

The issues of forest people and their livelihood based on forest products are important in the context of rural development. Non-wood forest products (NWFPS) play much role in the livelihood of poor, insecure and marginalized farm-families of Purulia district of West Bengal, India. Lac represents such a high value non timber forest products to them having wide range of application in industries. This book articulates many unread facets of lac-economy focusing rual people.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 60
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659234712

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Lactase Enzyme from Lactobacillus Bacteria:Lactase Enzyme from Lactobacillus Bacteria:

Автор: N.H.M. Rubel Mozumder and M. Akhtaruzzaman

Approximately two-third people of the world are accounted to having the problem of lactose intolerance and it reduces significantly their quality of life. This problem can be solved either by using supplementary probiotics microorganisms or using lactase enzyme in dairy products that hydrolyze the lactose present in food. But the use of microorganisms such as lactic acid bacteria as a probiotics is limited to treat the lactose intolerance due to its inability to form spore and endure the acidic environment of the stomach. Furthermore, the economic interest of lactse enzyme is related to its use in food industries, because of the deficiency of lactase in many people and thus, this enzyme has considerable industrial potential because they can give better yields at high temperatures. Moreover, microbial beta-galactosidases have a prominent position in terms of their role in production of various industrially relevant products like biosensor, lactose hydrolyzed milk, ethanol. This book,...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 104
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659158698

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Lake Katwe, The Traditional Salt Gardens of Katwe-KabatoroLake Katwe, The Traditional Salt Gardens of Katwe-Kabatoro

Автор: Ronald Lulijwa

This work piece has been accomplished with the main objective of locating and documenting data about Katwe-Kabatoro Township, Lake Katwe and the traditional economic activities that dominate salt mining at the lake, in Kasese district western Uganda. Information on tourism around Lake Katwe and the Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP) is also presented. To achieve the objective, field visits were conducted to Katwe and data was collected through key informants using face to face discussions in combination with observations, the internet and secondary data while a camera was used to capture important extra information. The author anticipates that findings reported here will be very important in providing information to government agencies, none governmental organisations (NGOs) tourists, researchers, and students on study tours to Lake Katwe, Katwe-Kabatoro Township and the Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP).

Цена: 3572 руб.
Страницы: 60
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659447822

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Lake Water BalanceLake Water Balance

Автор: Shimbahri Mesfin Gebreslase,Eyasu Yazew Hagos and Girmay G/Samuel

This study was initiated to quantify the hydrologic components, assess the water balance and to provide bathymetric information of the lake. Data on change in volume of the lake, precipitation, stream flow and abstraction was recorded while evaporation and runoff were estimated. The net groundwater outflow was then determined from the water balance equation. The major components of inflow during dry season were direct precipitation and stream flow which contribute 66.7% and 33.3% respectively. Most of the outflow is in the form of evaporation constituting the highest portion (83.55%) followed by net groundwater outflow (16.19%). The rest 0.26% is the abstraction. Since the outflow was by far higher than the inflows, the lake level was decreased by 0.32 m over 135 days. The water balance analysis of the observation period revealed an inflow, outflow and decrease in volume of 2.19 million m3, 6.83 million m3 and 4.64 million m3 respectively. The annual water balance assessment also...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 140
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659161292

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Land and Water Productivity of Agriculture Areas in Arid RegionsLand and Water Productivity of Agriculture Areas in Arid Regions

Автор: Wais Aria

Several ways to satisfy future food demands with the world's available land and water resources have been introduced by different researchers and scholars e.g. expanding rainfed croplands or enhancing rainfed agricultural management, expanding irrigated area, improving irrigated area management and promoting agricultural trade, etc. The best solution for improving food production in emerging and least developed countries (especially Afghanistan and Uzbekistan) located in the arid regions is to improve the level of irrigation service. Due to the low level of service in surface irrigation systems of selected countries production of crops is quite below their potential.

Цена: 6287 руб.
Страницы: 156
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659418655

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Land Cover Classification by Digital Image ProcessingLand Cover Classification by Digital Image Processing

Автор: A. P. Mohan Kumar and P. Kandasamy

In this book, land use classification was done for the area corresponding to the toposheet 58 J/13.Two methods namely supervised and unsupervised methods were used. Ground truth verification was also done. The accuracy of classification for both the methods were also carried out. Area under each landuse cover in both supervised and unsupervised methods was calculated. Understanding the rate of land use changes in time and space is useful in planning for suitable management. Application of remote sensing and GIS was found helpful in quantifying past and present resources so that appropriate planning could be made.

Цена: 3572 руб.
Страницы: 64
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659475856

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Land degradation assessmentLand degradation assessment

Автор: Hanan Osman Ali and Altayeb M. Abedelmalik Xavier Augusseau Elsadig A. Aljack

The findings of this study which include soil and climate data as well as farms and farmers survey can be utilized to improve crop production in the area and similar areas of the Sudan.Land degradation together with unfavourable management practices has resulted in low sorghum yield. Analysis using SDI and SEI showed that the sorghum cover was highly heterogeneous between farms and within each farm. These findings can be used as guidelines to improve sorghum yield in the gadambalyia schemes in particular and in similar areas in the Sudan.

Цена: 6587 руб.
Страницы: 176
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783844385267

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Land Degradation in River Basins of the Savannas’Land Degradation in River Basins of the Savannas’

Автор: Felix K. Abagale

Degradation of river basin and its influence on river flow regime has a great effect on the availability of water for agriculture, domestic and industrial activities. The Nasia basin falls within the Guinea Savanna Ecological Zone and lies in the Northern Region of Ghana. It is the drainage basin of the left bank tributary of the White Volta. Farming very close to water bodies leads to environmental degradation resulting in the drying up of streams and rivers with its attendant effect on reduced river flows. Duration or time interval has a very high influence on the vegetative cover of the study area. Land use also greatly influences the percentage of land cover with respect to vegetative cover. Strong predicted suspended sediment - river discharge relationship shows increase in discharge rate of sediment as more sediment is produced in the catchment. High level variation in suspended sediment levels was recorded for the months of water sampling. Catchment characteristics therefore...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 112
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846544105

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Land Evaluation for Upland Rice Cultivation in Southern CameroonLand Evaluation for Upland Rice Cultivation in Southern Cameroon

Автор: Solange Meka

The Achievement of food security is one of the main challenges of many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. A steadfast increase in rice production can substantially contribute in ameliorating food security. Actually, rice is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population and its consumption is increasing rapidly in sub-Saharan Africa. In Cameroon, per capita consumption of rice has increased from 2.3 kg in 1961 to 22.4 kg in 2005. About 87 % of the rice consumed in Cameroon is imported, mean while the natural conditions in the country are favourable for the production of rice to satisfy local demand and for export. The dominant rice cropping systems in Cameroon are irrigated and lowland rainfed agriculture. The main question addressed in this book is “What are the potentialities of Southern Cameroon for upland rice production?” In this study, land evaluation was used to assess the suitability of Southern Cameroon for rice cultivation.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 100
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846515723

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Land fragmentation and technical efficiency of farms in RwandaLand fragmentation and technical efficiency of farms in Rwanda

Автор: Mathias Karangwa,Fredrick Bagamba and Bernard Bashaasha

Productivity & efficiency determination in Rwanda; before land consolidation, farms in Rwanda were as small as less than a hectare and this kind of fragmentation was mainly due to population pressure on land that made land fragmentation to continue un-abated. In addition some farmers owned many & often scattered land holdings. Given this fact, agricultural production was constrained given the negative effects that fragmentation has on both productivity and efficiency of farmers. The design of policy to reverse this phenomenon was completed in Rwanda and policy implementation is underway. While the government recognizes the need to consolidate land, there are other critical issues that need to be addressed especially those factors other than land fragmentation (measured by indicators such as size and number of plots) that affect the efficiency of farmers. If these factors are addressed in tandem with adoption of land consolidation, results may be good and the much needed agricultural...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 84
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659106910

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Land Preparation Methods and Sowing Dates on VertisolLand Preparation Methods and Sowing Dates on Vertisol

Автор: Regassa Ayana

Vertisols are among the major high potential soils in Ethiopia that they occupy 12.7 million hectars, but their productivity is constrained by severe water logging. As such, the soils have been marginalized for several years. But due to rapid population growth and expansion of farm lands, there is high demand for agricultural land. Studies have been conducted to generate technologies that improve the productivity of the soil. As a complement to the efforts, a field work was conducted in 2010 at Wolaita Zone, southern Ethiopia to evaluate the effect of land preparation methods and sowing dates on yield and yield components of chickpea. Three land preparation methods, broad bed and furrows (BBF), ridge and furrows (RF) and flat seedbeds (FB); and two sowing dates (August 16 and September 3, 2010) were evaluated. With this, the book has come up with new alternative solution to solve problem related to water logging and sowing time on a vertisol. Therefore, places elsewhere in the world...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 76
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659233197

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Land Preparation Methods and Soil QualityLand Preparation Methods and Soil Quality

Автор: Teklu Erkossa Jijo

The industrialization of agriculture led to societal concerns for environmental protection and food quality in developed countries, while the need for increased agricultural productivity to address the persistent poverty and food insecurity in developing countries is intensified. Improving the management of land and water resources across the scale to meet the objectives of increased productivity and sustained environmental quality are increasingly required. This book is prepared based on a PhD dissertation of the Author that attempted to address these issues focusing on the Vertisols in the Highlands of Ethiopia. Based on the six years field experiment and extensive participatory exploration with the smallholder farmers in a small watershed, it deals with the effects of land preparation methods on soil quality and productivity of the soil. It provides the state of the art literature review, including on methodologies of the participatory and standard methods of soil quality...

Цена: 5715 руб.
Страницы: 156
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783847377610

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Land suitability evaluation for principal agricultural cropsLand suitability evaluation for principal agricultural crops

Автор: Ehsan Sahebjalal

Most of farmlands in some developing countries are cultivated based on the farmer’s habits rather than land suitability so over the last few years land suitability evaluation becomes one of the main priorities of research works in the field of agricultural issues. In fact, we need the farming procedures on which the land characteristics meet the crop requirements and lead to the sustainable agricultural production. In this case, land suitability evaluation can provide data on the basis of which we are able to make decision about alternative cultivation in agricultural lands. Moreover new technologies such as remote sensing and geographical information systems have the ability to produce basic maps and interrelate spatially multiple types of information. This book, therefore, provides a method of generating land cover map as a basic map to investigate and show the results of land suitability evaluation. Also a practical instance of land suitability evaluation for major crops cultivated...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 92
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846589557

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Land Suitability EvaluationLand Suitability Evaluation

Автор: Rediet Girma

This study was aimed at identifying the current physical land suitability for maize, wheat and sorghum in Jello watershed under Chiro woreda in accordance to the FAO (1976) framework for LE to perform land suitability evaluation and carry out suitability mapping with the help of GIS tools and to compare the LU practiced with the findings of this study. Relevant land quality (LQ) and land characteristics (LCs) data on climate, topography and soil following medium intensity soil survey technique were collected and the analysis was held by using GIS tools after converting the data into a usable format for the LE process.Consequently through the querying analysis, the suitability rating process was run for individual LCs and based on the maximum limitation method, the overall suitability was assigned for specific land mapping units (LMUs) and displayed as suitability map with the integration of GIS.

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 116
Год: 2014
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659631443

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Land Suitability Evaluation in Borena,South Wollo Highlands, EthiopiaLand Suitability Evaluation in Borena,South Wollo Highlands, Ethiopia

Автор: Abate Shiferaw

The book shades light on the assessment of the status and characteristics of the natural and cultural agricultural resources, evaluation of their suitability for major food crop production and the appropriate management plan in relation to information on how severe the problem is, what the determinant factors are, which land units are the most vulnerable, and which management practices are more effective to tackle the problem in an efficient and cost-effective manner in the Legemara Watershed. Timely and appropriate land use and land cover change detection of the given land features are important to understand relationships and interactions between human and natural phenomena in order and to promote better decision making to recommend alternative land use and appropriate conservation planning.

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 280
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783848442744

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Land suitability indicators and social factors usedLand suitability indicators and social factors used

Автор: Duba Golicha

The study sites are within Marsabit North District of Kenya which is one of the most arid environments in East Africa. The social and biophysical factors used for making grazing decisions are very important for the pastoralists living in arid environment. This study sought to identify land suitability indicators and social factors considered for selecting grazing units in Gabra pastoral areas. The methods used in the study are use of calendar communication tool and assessment of grazing unit. The Gabra pastoralists consider ecological indicators when selecting new grazing unit for the goats, for example soil attributes. However, animal-based indicators are used to make decision to continue grazing or departing from a grazing unit, for instance, milk yield. In conclusion, Gabra pastoralists have considerable knowledge about their environment. They have ecological knowledge and also knowledge about their livestock. They developed this knowledge through long-term interactions with their...

Цена: 3572 руб.
Страницы: 56
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659432613

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Land Tenure Security and Agriculture Performance in ZimbabweLand Tenure Security and Agriculture Performance in Zimbabwe

Автор: Lighton Dube

The major objective of this study is to identify the effects of land tenure security on Small Scale Commercial agricultural productivity and development in Zimbabwe. Using a probit model, the study draws the following conclusions: i. Under a more secure tenure system, farmers are likely to have some longterm investments, in this case in plantation crops. ii. The type of tenure system may not necessarily influence an investment in non-fixed assets like livestock. iii. Secure tenure is likely to influence investment in property improvement fixed assets such as fencing and woodlots. iv. Secure tenure is likely to positively influence an investment in permanent housing facilities but does not seem to influence an investment in associated infrastructure such as garages, workshops or shades. v. Secure tenure seems to be associated with a higher propensity to invest in improving existing farm infrastructure. vi. Freehold tenure system is associated with a higher propensity to access to...

Цена: 3273 руб.
Страницы: 124
Год: 2015
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659677427

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Land Use and Climate Change: A Major Threat in the Mau Forest, KenyaLand Use and Climate Change: A Major Threat in the Mau Forest, Kenya

Автор: Daniel Muvali

The Mau Forest is the source of a river network of local and regional importance and one of the five montane “water towers” of Kenya. Its catchment supports a wealth of biodiversity some of which are of international conservation concerns such as the Mara-Serengeti ecosystems and lakes Nakuru and Natron. The forest is the main source of livelihoods in the Rift Valley, Nyanza and Western Kenya regions. Owing to its high agricultural potential, the Mau has been exploited for agriculture, livestock, mining, timber logging, fuel, urbanization, and settlements. This study was intended to attempt to determine and quantify the possible impacts of land use and climate change on socio-economic activities in the region. The study utilized land cover changes from literature review and interviews with local people, historic climate and river discharge data. Results showed that human activities coupled with population pressure have led to deterioration of the catchment and reduced its capacity...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 84
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783847317760

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Land Use and Food Security in the Republic of ArmeniaLand Use and Food Security in the Republic of Armenia

Автор: Meline Khachatryan

The agricultural policy of the former Soviet Union, based on which the use of land was mainly focused on ensuring quantity rather than the quality, mainly concentrating on short-term rather than long-term productivity, produced sensible damage to both land and environment in general in all the post-soviet countries. Armenia faced and is still continuing to face the consequences of the Soviet Union policies. Given the necessity to provide food and be self-sufficient, in conditions of economic and political crisis, the country had to deal with severe issues of food insecurity. This research analyzes the land use strategies and emerging criticalities in Armenia during and after the years of Soviet Union, estimates the food self-sufficiency level and food availability within the country, and investigates the specific actions undertaken by the national government to overcome them. The study provides evidence that hindrances to food security improvements in Armenia do exist. Although much...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 104
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783845432991

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Land Use and Land Use PlanningLand Use and Land Use Planning

Автор: Assefa Adane

The soil is the largest and most chemically active reactor at the earth’s surface. Therefore, it has an enormous effect in controlling plant growth and the quality of the environment in which we live. The objective of this book is to supply basic information how to classify land based on its land use types. Land evaluation is the selection of suitable land, and suitable cropping, irrigation and management alternatives that are physically and financially practicable and economically viable. Sustainable agriculture would be achieved if lands can be categorized and utilized based upon their different uses. Therefore this book helps farmers, agricultural investors and decision makers in planning the rural development, moreover, it will be used as a reference material for school of graduate students.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 60
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846596692

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Land Use and Property Rights in Northern EthiopiaLand Use and Property Rights in Northern Ethiopia

Автор: Atakilte Beyene

In this study, three interrelated aspects have empirically emerged as determinant in the state of land degradation and its management practices: livelihood, dwelling and land tenure. The livelihood system encompasses concepts of the agricultural use value of the land and how land use itself is situated in broader social relationships. Institutionalized practices, such as sharecropping, explain how management aspects of the land enter productive relationships among villagers. The dwelling aspect, being a broader part of the relations and commitments of the villagers to their landscape, explains land users’ perception and values of the land. The land tenure systems have secured local people’s user rights to land. Nonetheless, the tenure systems are poor in promoting farm integrity, long-term security and transfers of land resources to more competitive and productive farmers. Future approaches that aim to promote good land and agricultural management practices should consider these...

Цена: 7653 руб.
Страницы: 224
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783846598580

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Land Use and Vegetation Analysis of Dry Tropical ForestLand Use and Vegetation Analysis of Dry Tropical Forest

Автор: Arvind Bijalwan

The frequent and repetitive assessment of forest surveying and mapping is important. The traditional practices for surveying and mapping of forests are cumbersome and time taking, therefore, the satellite remote sensing techniques and GIS seems to be the need of the time for early, accurately and inexpensively mapping of landuse and vegetation of forests. Measurement of both qualitative and quantitative aspects of forest for any locality is important. In this regard the present study was carried out to characterize the land use and vegetation of a dry tropical forest ecosystem in India through satellite remote sensing techniques and GIS. The variations in structure, diversity, standing volume, above ground biomass and Carbon storage in different forest types/classes were quantified by adopting quadratic sampling procedures. This book is extremely helpful and targeted to the group working in the field of vegetation analysis, landuse assessment, forest mapping and estimation of volume,...

Цена: 6587 руб.
Страницы: 188
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783844396126

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Land use Change and Slope Positions affect Soil Organic CarbonLand use Change and Slope Positions affect Soil Organic Carbon

Автор: Wycliffe Tumwesigye

Changing land use and slope positions have a considerable influence on soil organic carbon (SOC) and soil fertility. We investigated soil organic carbon stocks in annual crops, community tea and factory tea along three slope positions:up slope, middle slope and down slope. It was found that soil organic carbon stocks are higher in factory tea, followed by community tea and lastly annual crops. The differences in SOC stocks were attributed to different management practices across the land use types such as use of fertilizers. Converting land use from annual crops to tea plantations resulted into an increase in SOC stocks. There was high SOC stocks down slope followed by up slope and the least SOC stocks were found in middle slope. This was attributed to the effect of soil erosion especially, on middle slopes that draws soil down from the top to the bottom of the hills. It was concluded that Land use change and management practices both have an influence on SOC stocks and these affect...

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 104
Год: 2015
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659675454

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Land Use Change and Human Elephant ConflictLand Use Change and Human Elephant Conflict

Автор: Mumu Waithaka,Olukoye G. A. and Ekaya W

Farmers in Laikipia West district like many other farmers living in wildlife dispersal areas have continued to suffer huge losses resulting from wildlife menace without adequate compensation. Land use has been changing with time making the area prone to crop destruction by elephants. While it is known that land use change contributes to human wildlife conflict, it has never been quantified over time. Land use and land cover mapping and change detection were done using satellite images between January 1973 and April 2008. Supervised classification and on screen delineation approach was used for feature extraction. Geo-referencing and ground verification surveys were done after preliminary photo interpretation. Human-elephant conflict data was obtained from Kenya Wildlife Service. Human-elephant conflict was a major cause of increasing poverty levels and lowering of socio economic status of the community. This study is useful to professionals in environment and conservationists who have...

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 80
Год: 2011
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783845400945

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Land use change effect on soil healthLand use change effect on soil health

Автор: Daniel Girmay,Fassil Kebede and Amanuel Zenebe

Estimates indicate that a majority of the earth’s land has been seriously degraded. One of the key degradation problems is poor soil health, which has been identified as a key constraint in agricultural productivity and reducing rural poverty in many parts of the tropics, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia’s economy is primarily based on agriculture. However, this sector is increasingly being confronted with a rapidly growing population, and this has resulted in land use/cover changes. The changes in land use disturbs ecosystem balance and lead to a significant change in the physical, chemical, and biological soil health thereby yield declines. Half of the Ethiopian highland arable lands are moderately to severely degrade. Tigray, the Northern region of Ethiopia, suffers from extreme land degradation and soil health deterioration. Agulae catchment, the study area which is found in Eastern Tigray also has similar problems. Since previous studies on factors affecting soil...

Цена: 4834 руб.
Страницы: 84
Год: 2013
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659419539

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Land Use SustainabilityLand Use Sustainability

Автор: Swapan Kumar Sarker

This book is about sustainability of land use practices in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs), Bangladesh. Shifting cultivation, agro-forestry and plough cultivation are the prominant land use practices in CHTs. However, long lasting debate among government, communities, NGOs and scholars regarding sustainability level of the land use practices has been a major problem. In this book, the author has developed criteria, indicators and verifiers under the three core sustainability principles i.e. conservation of biodiversity, intergenerational equity and the precautionary principle for each of the land use practices to facilitate the assessment of land use sustainability. Sustainability assessment implies that none of the prominent land use practices are truly sustainable although agro-forestry has the potential to become a sustainable land use practice.

Цена: 4747 руб.
Страницы: 68
Год: 2012
Производитель: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783848442737

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